Miraculous TRILOGY : Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Anand Bakshi
The most commonly and very regularly aired sentence on the Radio Stations playing Hindi Film Songs, is >>>>>
गीतकार आनंद बक्षी और संगीतकार लक्ष्मीकांत-प्यारेलाल …
( The songwriter Anand Bakshi and the music director Laxmikant-Pyarelal ) and the song starts. A NUMBER ONE trio of Hindi Film Music.
When we talk of Lyricists who have worked with Laxmikant-Pyarelal the number comes out to be 57 (songwriters). The major share is from none other than ANAND BAKSHI who have written songs for 302 films only for Laxmikant-Pyarelal with closed to 1500 songs.
Top SIX Music Directors with Anand Bakshi, in terms of number of films.
Laxmikant-Pyarelal :: Anand Bakshi 304 films
R D Burman :: Anand Bakshi 99 films
Kalyanji-Anandji :: Anand Bakshi 32 films
Anu Malik :: Anand Bakshi 28 films
Rajesh Roshan :: Anand Bakshi 17 films
S D Burman :: Anand Bakshi 13 films
Laxmikant-Pyarelal have given the music for close to 500 films. Anand Bakshi have written the songs for close to 600 films. More than 60% of the total work of Laxmikant-Pyarelal is with Anand Bakshi. More than 50% of the total work done by Bakshi Sahab is with Laxmikant-Pyarelal.
Gargantuan contribution to the Hindi Film Music from the TRIO of Anand Bakshi and Laxmikant-Pyarelal . It is doubtful, if any combo of Songwriter – Music Director have given such a gigantic entertaining songs to our film music.
The record-breaking partnership of Laxmikant-Pyarelal with Anand Bakshi started with the everlasting as well as immortal song ‘Mere Mehboob Qayamat Hogi’ sung by Kishore Kumar from the film “Mr X In Bombay” 1964. This cult classic song also happened to be the first song of Kishore Kumar with Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Anand Bakshi, as well.
All the songs of the mystical film “Mr X In Bombay” became immensely popular.
–Chali Re Chali Re Gori Paniya Kishor-Lata ( a classical )
—Khoobsurat Haseena Jan-E-Jan-E-Man Kishor-Lata ( all time hit romantic duet)
—Zulmi Hamare Sawariya Ho Ram.. Lata
–Allah Kare Tu Hi Ajaye Lata
Another mystical musical from the ‘trio’ “Shreeman Funtoosh” 1965
–-Yeh Dard Bhara Afsana Kishore Kumar
—Sultana Sultana Tu Na Ghabrana Kishore-Lata
Another musical hit “Lootera” 1965. Lata Mangeshkar singing six solo.
All the songs of this film have different flavor and compositions. Every song has different rhythm. Gazal, Chalu song, Western classical / Arabian Folk and Cabaret. Sheer variety of songs. All The songs are written by Anand Bakshi. This B Grade, non star cast “King Queen” film, was Rajkumar Kohli’s first film. The film was super hit.
— Kisi Ko Pata Na Chale Baat Ka Lata
— Raat Se Kaho Ruke Jara Lata
— Sanam Raah Bhule Yahan Lata
— Nind Nigahon Se Kho Jaati Hai Lata
— O Dilwalo Saje Dil Pe Zumo Lata
— Muze Dekhiye Main Koi Dastaan Hoon. Lata
The partnership of Anand Bakshi * Laxmikant-Pyarelal started getting momentum with many hit songs from “Aasra”(Lata’s classic ‘Nind Kabhi Rehati Thi Aankhon Main’ and ‘Daiyya Re Daiyya Yashoda Maiyya’ + Asha’s cult classic ‘Mere Sune Jeevan Ka Aasra Hai Tu’ ), “Chhota Bhai”, (Lata’s sentimental ‘Maa Muze Apane Aachal Mein Chhupale’), “Boxer” and J Omprakash’s musical “Aaye Din Bahar Ke” (all songs hit). (Lata’s classic ‘Suno Sajna Papihe Ne’, Asha’s folk ‘Khat Likhade Sawariya’ , Rafi’s sentimental ‘Mere Dushman Tu Meri Dosti Ko’)
BUT the “trio” got the immense popularity through the songs of “Milan”, 1967 (‘Sawan Ka Mahina Pawan Kare Sor) by Mukesh-Lata was a smash-hit. ”Milan” songs storm the nation.
—Bol Gori Bol Tera Kaun Piya Lata-Mukesh
—Hum Tum Yug Yug Se Lata-Mukesh
—Mubaraq Ho Sabko Sama Ye Mukesh
—Ram Kare Aisa Ho Jaye Mukesh
—Aaj Dil Pe Koi Jor Lata
—To He Sawariya Lata
In the same year, 1967, many musical hits “Night In London” (‘nazar na lag jaye’ and ‘bahosh-o-hawas main deewana’). “Farz” which made Jeetendra a ‘star’ (Rafi’s top hit ‘Mast Baharon Ka Main Aashiq’, Lata-Mukesh romantic ‘Hum To Tere Aashiq Hai’, Birthday Special Song by Rafi ‘Bar Bar Din Ye Aaye Bar Bar Dil Ye Gaye’). Rajashree Production’s “Taqdeer” (‘Rafi’s ‘Jab Jab Bahar Aayee’, Lata’s ‘Pappa Jaldi Aa Jana’ and ‘Aaiye Bahar Ko Hum Batle’).
After this thumping success this “trio” never looked back and gave series of hits after hits songs almost every year for 34 non-stop years, 1964 to 1998.
Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Anand Bakshi were Three CREATURES with One SOUL.
Anand Bakshi was like an instant poet (शीघ्र कवी ). On a situation given he can write the song within minutes and Laxmikant-Pyarelal can tuned it to the public taste. In many songs Bakshi Sab have converted the ‘dialogues’ / ‘conversation’ into the songs and Laxmikant-Pyarelal have decorated it with mellifluous orchestra arrangements. There are songs in which the trio of Anand Bakshi and Laxmikant-Pyarelal have narrated the complete story of the film. The TRIO was knowing the ‘pulses’ of the masse.
These Miraculous TRILOGY of Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Anand Bakshi were ‘best’ known to create the songs that would be charbuster to help the film to become superhit. That is why the TRILOGY was favorite for many famous Filmmakers with whom they have long lasting relations like
L V Prasad (9 films), J Omprakash (11 films), Raj Khosla (10 films), Mohan Kumar (9 films), Manmohan Desai (10 films) and Subhash Ghai (10 films).
This triumvirate have full domination in Binaca Geetmala with 164 songs appearing in Finals of Binaca Geetmala. On individual records Laxmikant-Pyarelal 245 final songs, the highest by any music directors as well as Anand Bakshi 209 final songs, the highest by any songwriters.
8 following songs of the trio topping respective year.
1967 Milan:- Sawan Ka Mahina Mukesh – Lata Mangeshkar
1970 Do Raste:- Bindiya Chamake Gi Lata Mangeshkar
1980 Sargam:- Dafali Wale Mohammad Rafi & Lata
1984 Hero:- Tu Mera Hero Hai Anuradha Paudwal – Manhar
1986 Sanjog:- Yashoda Ka Nandlala Lata Mangeshkar
1987 Naam:- Chitthi Aayi Hai Pankaj Udhas
1989 Ram Lakhan:- My Name Is Lakhan Mohammed Aziz
1993 Khalnayak:- Choli Ke Peeche Alka Yagnik – Ila Arun
Many BIG stars and actors have been lucky to get the famous songs composed by this TRILOGY. We cannot list out all such songs but many of the superhit songs have been listed
Filmed on big stars. These songs are the “signature” tunes for the respective actors/actress.
Aadmi Jo Kehta Hai .. Kishore Kumar ( MAJBOOR, 1974)
My Name is Anthony .. Kishore Kumar (AMAR AKBAR ANTHONY, 1977)
Bane Chahe Dushman .. M Rafi – Kishore Kumar (DOSTANA, 1980)
John Jani Janardhan .. Mohammad Rafi (NASEEB, 1981)
Gori Ka Sajan Sajan Ki Gori .. M. Aziz – S. Janki (AAKHRI RAASTA, 1987)
Jumma Chumma De De .. Sudesh Bhosle (HUM, 1990)
Tu Muze Kubul M. Aziz – Kavita Krishnamurthy (KHUDA GAWAH, 1991)
RAJESH KHANNA –
Mere Naseeb Mein .. Kishore Kumar (DO RAASTE, 1969)
Yeh Reshmi Julfe .. Mohammad Rafi ( DO RAASTE, 1969
Achha To Hum Chalte Hai .. Lata – Kishore (AAN MILO SAJNA, 1970)
Vada Tera Vaada .. Kishore Kumar (DUSHMAN, 1971)
Ye Jo Chilman Hai .. Mohammad Rafi (MEHBOOB KI MEHNDI, 1971)
Mere Deewanepan Ki .. Kishore Kumar (MEHBOOB KI MEHANDI, 1971)
Chal Chal Mere Saathi .. Kishore Kumar (HAATHI MERE SAATHI, 1971)
Ye Jo Public Hai .. Kishore Kumar (ROTI,1974)
Aap Ke Anurodh Pe .. Kishore Kumar (ANURODH, 1977)
Akela Gaya Han Main .. Kishore Kumar (RAJPUT, 1981)
Mere Dushman Tu Meri .. Mohammad Rafi (AAYE DIN BAHAR KE, 1966)
Saathiya Nahi Jaana Ke Jeena .. Lata-Rafi (AAYA SAWAN ZUM KE, 1969)
Kuchh Kehata Hai Ye Sawan .. Lata-Rafi (MERA GAON MERA DESH, 1971)
Jaani O Jaani .. Kishore (RAJA JANI, 1972)
Aaj Mausam Bada Beimaan .. Mohammad Rafi Hai (LOAFER, 1973)
Gadi Bula Rahi Hai .. Kishore Kumar (DOST, 1974)
Main Jat Yamla Pagla .. Mohammad Rafi (PRATIGYA, 1976)
O Meri Mehabooba .. Mohammad Rafi (DHARM VEER, 1977)
Mast Baharon Ka main Aashiq .. Rafi (FARZ, 1967)
Badi Mastani Hai Meri Mehbooba .. Rafi (JEENE KI RAAH, 1969)
Hi Re Hi Nind Nahin Aaye .. Lata-Rafi (HUMJOLI, 1971)
Dhal Gaya Din Ho Gayi Sham .. Asha-Rafi (HUMJOLI, 1971)
RISHI KAPOOR –
Main Shayar To Nahin .. Shailendra Singh (BOBBY,1973),
Parda Hai Parda Hai .. M. Rafi (AMAR AKBAR ANTHONY, 1977)
Dafli Wale .. Lata-Rafi (SARGAM, 1979),
Om Shanti Om .. Kishore (KARZ, 1980)
Dard – E – Dil .. Kishore (KARZ, 1980)
Paisa Yeh Paisa .. Kishore (KARZ, 1980)
Sharafat Chhod Di Maine .. Lata (SHARAFAT, 1970)
ABCD Chhodo .. Lata (RAJA JANI, 1972)
Aaja Teri Yaad Aayee .. Anand Bakshi, Lata-Rafi (CHARAS, 1976)
Dream Girl Dream Girl .. Kishore (DREAM GIRL,1977)
Mere naseeb Main Tu Hai .. Lata (NASEEB, 1982)
ZEENAT AMAN –
Bhor Bhaye Panghat Par .. Lata (SATYAM SHIVAM SUNDARAM)
ASHA PAREKH –
Suno Sajna Papihe Ne .. Lata ( AAYE DIN BAHAR KE , 1966)
Tere Karan Mere Sajan .. Lata (AAN MILO SAJNA, 1970)
Sona Layi Ja Re .. Lata (MERA GAON MERA DESH, 1971)
Main Tulasi Tere Aangan Ki .. Lata (MAIN TULASI TERE ANGAN KI, 1979)
Bindiya Chamke Gi .. Lata (DO RAASTE, 1970)
Koi Shahri Babu .. Asha (LOAFER
Sanam Tu Bewafa Ke Naam Se .. Lata (KHILONA, 1971) , 1974)
REENA ROY –
Sheesha Ho Ya Dil Ho .. Lata (AASHA, 1980)
Main Teri Dushman .. Lata ( NAGINA 1986)
Kisi Ke Haath Na Aayyegi .. Kavitha (CHAALBAZ, 1989)
O Ramji Bada Dukh Dina .. Lata (RAM LAKHAN, 1989)
Choli Ke Pichhe .. Alka Yagnik – Ila Arun (KHALNAYAK, 1993)
The list has no end. BUT here I am Highlighting the songs which became top hit and even popular today, not sung by ‘stars’ or big names. There are many, reviewing few.
Pappa Jaldi Aa Jana .. (Taqdeer, 1967)
(Lata Mangeshkar, Sulakshna Pandit, Ila Desai, Meena Patki)
The song is popular even though it is filmed on unknown child artists. One of the most sentimentally popular, sweet and melodious song written by Anand Bakshi. ACOUSTIC GUITAR and PIANO are brilliantly executed in the orchestra. Incidentally Sulakshna Pandit was introduced to hindi film music through this song.
Tu Kitni Achhi Hai O Maa O Maa .. (Raja Aur Rank, 1968)
The most popular song on ‘Maa’ (Mother). Bakshi Saab has emotionally expressed child’s feeling for Mother. Tenderly rendered, SYMPHONICALLY Orchestrated, mesmerizing DHOLAK rhythm, Sweet and Melodious Song. The overlapping sound effect of the musical instruments in all the “interludes” is just mesmerizing. One of the best of Lata-LP.
Chanda Ko Dhoondhne Sabhi .. (Jeene Ki Raah, 1969)
(Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar, Hemlata)
Maudlin song penned by Bakshi saab. Three children are looking for their father.
Mellifluous DHOLAK / TABLA rhythm. The song was recently included in Hollywood Movie Garth Davis “LION” in 2017. All time hit melody.
Mar Diya Jaye Ke Chhod Diya Jaay .. (Mera Gaon Mera Desh, 1971)
The song is filmed on Laxmi Chhaya. Raj Khosla explained to Anand Bakshi a situation where the hero is tied to a pillar and the girl wants to rescue him. Anand Bakshi was at once reminded of the dialogue between Alexander the Great and King Porus where the former asked the latter “Tumhare saath kya sulook kiya jaye?” And the song Maar diya jaye, ke chhod diya jaye… was born. Laxmikant-Pyarelal have mind-blowingly orchestrated this fabulous song, with 43 seconds of “prelude”, “interludes” and mesmerizing DHOLAK rhythm.
Bago Mein Bahar Aayee .. (Mom Ki Gudiya, 1974)
(Anand Bakshi – Lata Mangeshkar)
It is an extremely melodious duet filmed on Ratan Chopra, an unknown actor -Tanuja. Beautifully orchestrated with an enthralling use of Indian FLUTE (BANSURI), SITAR and VIOLINS in ‘symphony’ style supported with dulcet DHOLAK rhythm.
Aadmi Musafir Hai .. (Apnapan, 1977)
(Mohammad Rafi – Lata Mangeshkar)
One of the most popular song giving preaching. It is filmed on Sudhir Dalvi and a child artist.
Excellent use of HARMONIUM with different type of DHOLAK rhyth.
Ek Ritu Aaye Ek Ritu Jaye .. (Gautam Govinda, 1979)
Filmed on Vijay Arora. Exceptionally soft rendering by Kishoreji, many pathos. In the beginning of the song Laxmikant-Pyarelal have used BICYCLE BELL sound in the ‘rhythm’ in support with KONGA Drums. Later the ‘rhythm’ pattern converted to DHOLAK. Fascinating “interludes” are orchestrated with the instruments like solo VIOLIN, SAROD, CLARINET, IRANI SANTOOR and VIOLINs.
The enormous contribution done by Laxmikant-Pyarelal as well as Anand Bakshi cannot be covered in one BLOG. Will update in coming blogs.