Gargantuan SAHIR LUDHIANVI : Harmonious Laxmikant-Pyarelal
A giant among film lyricists, Sahir Ludhianvi was slightly different from his contemporaries. A man unable to praise God, Beauty and wine. his pen was at its best pouring out bitter but sensitive lyrics.
Sahir made his debut in film lyrics with Naujawan (1951). His first major break came the same year when he wrote the lyrics for S.D. Burman’s music in Baazi (1951). The movie, directed by Guru Dutt, and its music was a success and together S.D. Burman and Sahir went on to create History.
Sahir Ludhianvi and his work with the major Music Directors. Indicating number of films, one of the best films in the bracket.
S D Burman 18 films (Pyasa)
N Dutta 19 films (Dhool Ka Phool)
Ravi 19 films (Humraaz)
Roshan 7 films (Taj Mahal)
Khaiyyam 7 films (Kabhi Kabhi)
Madan Mohan 2 films (Laila Majnu)
O P Nayyar 6 films (Naya Daur)
Jaidev 3 films (Hum Dono)
R D Burman 4 films (Aa Gale Lag Ja)
Chitragupt 2 films (Vasana)
Sahir Ludhiyahvi and Laxmikant-Pyarelal worked for 7 films, listed below. Undoubtedly their best work was in IZZAT 1968 and Yash Raj Films first movie DAAG 1973.
Man Ki Aankhen 1970
Deedar -E- Yaar 1982
Jiyo Aur Jeene Do 1982
Tried to review a few best of the songs written by Sahir Ludhiyanvi and composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal.
This is the only Hindi movie with Jayalalitha, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu as a lead actress. Part of the story was inspiration for Trishul. Dharmendra used dark makeup for his double role. Sahir Ludhiyanvi worked for the first time with Laxmikant-Pyarelal. The music of the film was excellent.
Kya Miliye Aise Logon Se (Singer Mohammad Rafi)
Sahir Ludhiyanvi writes about politician ! खुद से ही जो खुद को छुपाये क्या उनसे पहचान करे। ..दिलदारी का ढोंग रचा कर जाल बिछाए बातों का ! जिनके जुल्मसे दुखी है जनता हर बस्ती हर गाओं में !
This song is filmed on Dharmendra. Once again the ACCORDION is awesomely used throughout the song. 8 seconds of ‘prelude’ starts with ACCORDION intermixing with VIOLINS. Brilliant take off by rafi saab, क्या मिलिए sss ऐसे लोगोसे।, singing ‘pause’ of 4 seconds, highlighting ACCORDION. Again Rafi saab नकली चेहरा सामने आये असली सूरत छुपी रहे singing ‘pause’ of 4 seconds, highlighting ACCORDION, playing the tune of the song. This is repeated many times throughout the song. First and third ‘interludes’ are awesomely orchestrated with ACCORDION ending synchronizing with VIOLINS. Again at the end of each antara / stanza the ACCORDION is used as ‘filler’.
Jaagi Badan Mein Jwala (Singer Lata Mangeshkar)
Sahir Ludhianvi writes about तेरे लिए रातको भटकू , आते जाते लोगों की नज़रों मैं खटकू
IZZAT was a musical hit. This song’s RHYTHM, Laxmikant-Pyarelal designed when they were in Beirut (Lebanon). It is 1-2-3-4-5-6, a Lebanese ‘folk’ rhythm. Laxmikant-Pyarelal were expert in utilizing CHORUS in their compositions. Just listen to how CHORUS sounds extremely melodious in this song.
Hypnotising ‘prelude’ of 26 seconds, excellently intermixed with GLOCKENSPIEL or ‘GLOCKS’, GHUNGROO BELLs and Lataji AALAPS . Excellent take off ‘Jagi..sss’..Jagi Badan Mein Jwala’ (जागी sssss जागी बदन में ज्वाला). All the three interludes have different style of orchestra arrangements. NADASWARAM, VIOLINS, ACOUSTIC GUITAR as well as GHUNGROO BELLs are harmoniously synchronized in all the interludes with different tunes. Lata Mangeshkar at her melodious best. The mind-boggling Rhythm of DRUM beats is totally different. This rhythm was never repeated by Laxmikant-Pyarelal. The GREAT song was filmed on late Jayalalitha, the ex Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Ye Dil Tum Bin Kahin Lagta Nahin (Singers Lata Mangeshkar – Mohammad Rafi)
This is an extremely melodious duet written by Sahir Ludhiyanvi, working for the first time with Laxmikant-Pyarelal. It has been composed in Raag Pahadi.
The unique aspect of this song is the use of VIOLINS / CELLOS. The entire song is woven around the orchestration of symphony VIOLINS and CELLOS. ‘Prelude’ as well as all the ‘interludes’ are composed in symphony style orchestra with different tunes. CELLOS / VIOLINS are also used as a ‘filler’ as well as in surround sounds of the song, especially in ‘Mukha’ and the ‘antara’. In the ‘prelude’ of 22 seconds VIOLINS / CELLOS are integrated with string sounds of GUITAR. First interlude is awesomely orchestrated with VIOLINS and strings of GUITAR. Second interlude with the same instruments but different tunes of VIOLINS. Third interlude VIOLINS and FLUTE.
TABLA is used in the rhythm in a conventional style The rarest of rare occasion when Laxmikant-Pyarelal have used only TABLA The song is filmed on Dharmendra-Tanuja.
MAN KI AANKHEN 1970
Dharmendra – Waheeda Rehman starrer musical film has some very good songs.
Dil Kahe Ruk Ja Re Ruk Ja (Singer Mohammad Rafi)
Extremely melodious romantic song. ‘Prelude of 40 seconds, starts with TWEETING sound of BIRDS overlapped with SANTOOR, Symphony VIOLINS and Rafi Sahab’s AALAP, mesmerizes the listeners. First ‘interlude’ CHORUS is beautifully surrounded and overlapped with GUITAR and FLUTE. Second ‘interlude’ is orchestrated with Symphony VIOLINS and FLUTE. The song is filmed on DHARMENDRA.
Chala Bhi Aa Aaja Rasiya (Singers Lata Mangeshkar – Mohammad Rafi)
Bahut Der Tumne Sataya Hai (Singer Asha Bhosle)
Laxmikant-Pyarelal worked for the first time with actor Dilip Kumar and also with the Producer Director B R Chopra. The music was good, in particular two songs.
Ho Koi Aaya Lachak Uthi Kaya …Asha Bhosle
Na Tu Zameen Ke Liye ….Mohammad Rafi
To start with YASH RAJ Films first ever film, producer and director Yash Chopra wanted to utilize the ‘best’ artists available then. Rajesh Khanna was in supreme form in early seventies, he along with Sharmila Taigor, Rakhi were the stars of the films.
LAXMIKANT-PYARELAL, in top gear, from 1967, got the honor of the first music director for ”YASH RAJ FILMS”. Yash chose his favorite lyricist Sahir Ludhiyanvi to penned the songs.An outstanding/evergreen/ever-fresh music of ”Daag” is still popular.Let us review the Most Popular song.
Mere Dil Main Aaj Kya Hai (Singer Kishore Kumar)
लाजवाब, सुमधुर, कर्णप्रिय एवं बेहद रोमांटिक गाना। Mesmerizing Orchestra arrangements..IRANI SANTOOR (played by Pt Shivkumar Sharma) & GUITAR (played by Gorakh Sharma) are brilliantly executed in the entire orchestra of the song.
The song starts with “zero” ‘Prelude”…First ‘Interlude’ starts with IRANI SANTOOR at 0.42…with brilliant overlapping sound effect and ends at 1,00. The second ‘Interlude’ starts at 1.46 and listen how mellifluously IRANI SANTOOR have been played till 1.58…The third ‘Interlude’ starts at 2.45 and how effectively GUITAR is played to give the perfection to the romance and great “pick up” through IRANI SANTOOR from 2.53 to 3.02..The song has beautiful DHOLAK as “rhythm” excepting in “Interludes”…
SAHIR LUDHIYANVI’s elegiac lyrics and KISHORE KUMAR’s tender as well as romantic rendition and LAXMIKANT-PYARELAL’s wonderful composition with beautiful decoration of the orchestra has made this song as all time classics.
You just have to look at the way Rajesh Khanna croons, “Mera pyaar keh raha hai main tujhe khuda bana doon” and you will want to watch the song. Nobody could act out a love song better than Rajesh Khanna.
Also full credit to Kishore Kumar who was nominated by filmfare awards, the best male singer, for singing this romantic GEM. One of the finest songs of Kishore Kumar under Laxmikant-Pyarelal who were also nominated by filmfare awards, for the best music directors, along with Raj Kapoor’s ‘Bobby”.
Ni Main Yaar Mana NI (Singers Lata Mangeshkar – Minoo Purushottam)
Typically Punjabi flavored and very famous female duet excellently sung by Lata Mangeshkar – Minoo Purushottam. . Powerful rhythm of the song consists of DHOL, DHOLAK, TABLA and CLAPPING is just mind-blowing. Use of SHEHNAI / NADASWARAM in both the ‘interludes’.
Hum Aur Tum Tum Aur Hum ((Singers Lata Mangeshkar – Kishore Kumar)
This Kishore Kumar & Lata Mangeshkar romantic song is completely woven around the rhythm based ACOUSTIC GUITAR. Another beauty of this song is it’s ‘interludes’. Both the ‘interludes’ have different tunes. First ‘interlude’ full of ‘aalaps’ by Kishore & Lata with glimpses of VIOLINS. In second ‘interlude’ the VIOLINS are decorated in ‘Waltz’ style with beautiful “pauses”. Even Lataji and Kishorji have also rendered the ‘pauses’ in the songs.
If you compare all Yash Raj Films Musical scores, DAAG music is still popular and remains top sellers and also the best.
If you compare all Yash Raj Films Musical scores, DAAG remains top sellers and also the best.
The film, starring Reena Roy and Vinod Mehra, did not do much business at box-office.
Meharban Kaise Kaise … Asha Bhosle
DEEDAR -E- YAAR 1982
Super musical film produced by Jeetendra on a Muslim culture. The film has divergent music.
Chala Chal Latife ..Kishore
Eid Ka Din (M. Rafii & Asha Bhosle)
Tumko Dekha To (Lata)
AND A stroke of genius (Mohammad Rafi & Kishore Kumar)
Mere Dildar Ka Baankpan .. (Singer Mohammad Rafi – Kishore Kumar)
No words are to describe the singing of the two sensational singers,
Mohammad Rafi – Kishore Kumar.
Ajay Poundarik, Atlanta (Georgia), USA. 25th October, 2020.